Langer, Selikoff and Kretchmer ended up on a J&J list of “antagonistic personalities” in a Nov. 29, 1972, memo, which described Selikoff as the leader of an “attack on talc.”. No asbestos was detected. Hobson’s “fishing expedition” would not turn up any relevant evidence, it asserted in a May 6, 1998, motion. Bicks said the destroyed documents did not include talc testing records. There, his job included ensuring that asbestos in talc the workers were exposed to didn’t exceed OSHA limits. The judge gave him more time but turned down his request to resume discovery. 4 Ounce (Pack of 1) 4.5 out of 5 stars 8,404. Reuters Investigates offers several ways to securely contact our reporters, The article that appeared in 1976 in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine reported results even better than J&J had bargained for. Since 2003, talc in Baby Powder sold in the United States has come from China through supplier Imerys Talc America, a unit of Paris-based Imerys SA and a … Whereas, khus grass has astringent and antiperspirant properties, which help keep baby’s skin fresh. I show you how to make your own homemade baby powder using ingredients from your pantry. “The attached letters demonstrate responsibility of industry in monitoring its talcs,” the cover letter said. X-ray scanning is the primary method J&J has used for decades. 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In 1972, President Richard Nixon’s newly created OSHA issued its first rule, setting limits on workplace exposure to asbestos dust. Some of the lawyers knew from those earlier cases that talc producers tested for asbestos, and they began demanding J&J’s testing documentation. Since talc deposits are often laced with asbestos, the scientists reasoned, perhaps talcum powders played a role. Instead, in 1976, a CTFA committee chaired by a J&J executive drafted voluntary guidelines, establishing a form of X-ray scanning with a 0.5 percent detection limit as the primary test, the method J&J preferred. Apply powder liberally as often as necessary, with each diaper change, especially at bedtime, or anytime when exposure to wet diapers may be prolonged. In 1980, J&J began offering a cornstarch version of Baby Powder – to expand its customer base to people who prefer cornstarch, the company says. The earliest mentions of tainted J&J talc that Reuters found come from 1957 and 1958 reports by a consulting lab. That point is recognized in a 2013 markup of a statement for the “Safety & Care Commitment” page of J&J’s website. Any suggestion that Johnson & Johnson knew or hid information about the safety of talc is false.”. Bicks noted that the Italian study has been updated three times – in 1979, 2003 and 2017 – “confirming the lack of association between exposure to asbestos-free talc, lung cancer and mesothelioma.”. Baby Powder von Demeter Fragrance Library die volle Ladung lieblicher und extrem trockner Badypuder! What J&J produced in response to those demands has allowed plaintiffs’ lawyers to refine their argument: The culprit wasn’t necessarily talc itself, but also asbestos in the talc. The original version conveyed a blanket assurance of safety. The documents also depict successful efforts to influence U.S. regulators’ plans to limit asbestos in cosmetic talc products and scientific research on the health effects of talc. He suggested J&J rethink its approach. Hildick-Smith told the lead researcher in a June 26, 1974, letter exactly what J&J wanted: data that “would show that the incidence of cancer in these subjects is no different from that of the Italian population or the rural control group.”, That is exactly what J&J got, Hildick-Smith told colleagues a few months later. That was in 1999. As early as 1976, Ashton, J&J’s longtime talc overseer, recognized as much in a memo to colleagues. Now, it says, quoting the industry’s standards, that all cosmetic talc products in the United States “should be free from detectable amounts of asbestos.”, The revised ACS web page also notes that the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer classifies talc that contains asbestos as “carcinogenic to humans.”, Despite the success of J&J’s efforts to promote the safety of its talc, the company’s test lab found asbestos fibers in samples taken from the Vermont operation in 1984, 1985 and 1986. It is 100% free of talc, gluten, fragrances, dyes, as well as other common allergens. Baby Powder Talc Free - USDA Certified Organic Dusting Powder for Excess Moisture & Chafing That’s Actually Good for Your Skin- Non Toxic, Non-GMO, Cruelty Free Era-Organics. In court, J&J lawyers have told jurors that company records showing that asbestos was detected in its talc referred to talc intended for industrial use. Many plaintiffs allege that the amounts they inhaled when they dusted themselves with tainted talcum powder were enough. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), though it dropped the non-fibrous forms of the minerals from its definition of asbestos in 1992, nonetheless recommends that fiber-shaped fragments indistinguishable from asbestos be counted in its exposure tests. Since pulmonary disease, including cancer, appeared to be on the rise, “it would seem to be prudent to limit any possible content of Tremolite … to an absolute minimum,” came the reply from another physician executive days later. Two decades later, the material Coker and her lawyer sought is emerging as J&J has been compelled to share thousands of pages of company memos, internal reports and other confidential documents with lawyers for some of the 11,700 plaintiffs now claiming that the company’s talc caused their cancers — including thousands of women with ovarian cancer. According to an FDA account of the meeting, J&J shared “evidence that their talc contains less than 1%, if any, asbestos.”, Later that month, Wilson Nashed, one of the J&J scientists who visited the FDA,  said in a memo to the company’s public relations department that J&J’s talc contained trace amounts of “fibrous minerals (tremolite/actinolite).”. The reports identify contaminants in talc and finished powder products as asbestos or describe them in terms typically applied to asbestos, such as “fiberform” and “rods.”, In 1976, as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was weighing limits on asbestos in cosmetic talc products, J&J assured the regulator that no asbestos was “detected in any sample” of talc produced between December 1972 and October 1973. Unsere Philosophie. Imerys and J&J said the Chinese talc is safe. Later that year, another Mount Sinai researcher, mineralogist Arthur Langer, told J&J in a letter that the team had found a “relatively small” amount of chrysotile asbestos in Baby Powder. Ashton had obtained a summary of miners’ medical records compiled by an Italian physician, who also happened to control the country’s talc exports. 89 ($3.30/Ounce) $10.66 $10.66. It didn’t disclose that J&J had commissioned the unpublished research. A small portion of the documents have been produced at trial and cited in media reports. Baby powder is an inexpensive and effective way to keep your baby happy by preventing diaper rash, chafing, and irritation. Byrdie Associate Editor Holly Rhue swears by the finely-milled, featherweight pick, which boasts light-reflecting particles to blur away the look of any imperfections. Michigan's state statute of limitations sets forth the amount time that its residents, including those from Detroit, have to file a Baby Powder Ovarian Cancer Lawsuit. In emailed responses, Bicks rejected Reuters’ findings as “false and misleading.” “The scientific consensus is that the talc used in talc-based body powders does not cause cancer, regardless of what is in that talc,” Bicks wrote. Coker held on long enough to see her two grandchildren. Hammondsville was the primary source of Baby Powder talc from 1966 until its shutdown in 1990. Facing thousands of lawsuits alleging that its talc caused cancer, J&J insists on the safety and purity of its iconic product. And while talc products contributed just $420 million to J&J’s $76.5 billion in revenue last year, Baby Powder is considered an essential facet of the healthcare-products maker’s carefully tended image as a caring company – a “sacred cow,” as one 2003 internal email put it. #LuvdByErica #TheCryerFamily #RoadTo30K #LikeCommentSubscribe Hi there supporters! Both forms often occur together and in talc deposits. Bottle - 2 Pack, Anti-Monkey Butt Anti Friction Powder, Original & Lady, Johnson's Baby Powder, 50 Gram / 1.7 Ounce (Pack of 8) International Version, Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. In fact, among the thousands of documents Hobson’s request could have turned up was a letter J&J lawyers had received only weeks earlier from a Rutgers University geologist confirming that she had found asbestos in the company’s Baby Powder, identified in her 1991 published study as tremolite “asbestos” needles. For those and other reasons, J&J couldn’t guarantee its Baby Powder was asbestos-free when plaintiffs used it, according to experts, including some who  testified for plaintiffs. The centerpiece of this approach was a March 15, 1976, package of letters from J&J and other manufacturers that the CTFA gave to the agency to show that they had succeeded at eliminating asbestos from cosmetic talc. Nor did the company tell the FDA about a 1975 report from its longtime lab that found particles identified as “asbestos fibers” in five of 17 samples of talc from the chief source mine for Baby Powder. Hammondsville mine records, according to a 1993 J&J memo, “were destroyed by the mine management staff just prior to the J&J divestiture.”. Even Robert Wood Johnson II, the founder’s son and then-retired CEO, had expressed “concern over the possibility of the adverse effects on the lungs of babies or mothers,” he wrote. I personally like to use a powder brush for an even and ‘light-handed’ application. Darlene Coker knew she was dying. The effort entailed other attempts to influence research, including a U.S. government study of the health of talc workers in Vermont. J&J’s Windsor Minerals Inc subsidiary, one of several mine operators involved in the study, developed a relationship with the U.S. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health researchers to “even influence the conclusions” through suggestions of “subjective interpretations,” according to a 1973 Windsor Minerals memo. Most of the authors of these and other J&J records cited in this article are dead. By then, a team at Mount Sinai Medical Center led by pre-eminent asbestos researcher Irving Selikoff had started looking at talcum powders as a possible solution to a puzzle: Why were tests of lung tissue taken post mortem from New Yorkers who never worked with asbestos finding signs of the mineral? Plant-based and completely natural, this baby powder without talc keeps skin dry. Ten years after tremolite turned up in the Italian talc, it showed up in Vermont talc, too. “This is all a calculated attempt to distract from the fact that thousands of independent tests prove our talc does not contain asbestos or cause cancer. J&J denied the claim. If you or a loved one were diagnosed with ovarian cancer after using baby powder for feminine hygiene, you … In the late 1950s, J&J discovered that talc from its chief source mine for the U.S. market in the Italian Alps contained tremolite. Don't forget to like, comment, and subscribe. The company also periodically requires the more sensitive checks with electron microscopes. Hobson is still practicing law in Nederland, Texas. He said the agency’s policing of cosmetics in general – fewer than 30 people regulating a “vast” industry – was “a place where we think we can be doing more.”, Gottlieb said the FDA planned to host a public forum in early 2019 to “look at how we would develop standards for evaluating any potential risk.” An agency spokeswoman said that would include examining “scientific test methods for assessment of asbestos.”. And the talc samples that were subjected to the most sensitive electron microscopy test were a tiny fraction of what was sold. Bicks said that Zeitz was not reporting on actual test results. “I suppose I was antagonistic,” Langer told Reuters. Most patients die within a year of diagnosis. The findings were “consistent with exposure to talc containing chrysotile and tremolite contamination,” the report concluded. Regulation was in the air. Johnson & Johnson developed a strategy in the 1970s to deal with a growing volume of research showing that talc miners had elevated rates of lung disease and cancer: Promote the positive, challenge the negative. Most of the talc cases have been brought by women with ovarian cancer who say they regularly used J&J talc products as a perineal antiperspirant and deodorant. J&J says cosmetic talc is more thoroughly processed and thus purer than industrial talc. It reported a “significant increase” in “respiratory cancer mortality” among miners. “I recognize the concern,” he told Reuters. Zeitz’s May 1974 report on efforts to minimize asbestos in Vermont talc “strongly urged” the adoption of ways to protect “against what are currently considered to be materials presenting a severe health hazard and are potentially present in all talc ores in use at this time.”. Anti-inflammatory ingredients such as kaolin clay, arrowroot and plaintain leaf help soothe irritation and calms itchy skin. Deckard remembers seeing the white bottle of Johnson’s Baby Powder on the changing table where her mother diapered her new sister. It didn’t tell the agency that at least three tests by three different labs from 1972 to 1975 had found asbestos in its talc – in one case at levels reported as “rather high.”. But J&J’s FDA submission left out University of Minnesota professor Thomas E. Hutchinson’s finding of chrysotile in a Shower to Shower sample – “incontrovertible asbestos,” as he described it in a lab note. Selikoff died in 1992. In 1967, J&J found traces of tremolite and another mineral that can occur as asbestos, according to a table attached to a Nov. 1, 1967, memo by William Ashton, the executive in charge of J&J’s talc supply for decades. Hildick-Smith sent money to the Italian talc exporter-physician to hire a team of researchers. It’s also partly why regulations that protect people in mines, mills, factories and schools from asbestos-laden talc don’t apply to babies and others exposed to cosmetic talc – even though Baby Powder talc has at times come from the same mines as talc sold for industrial use. However, while J&J’s testing methods improved over time, they have always had limitations that allow trace contaminants to go undetected – and only a tiny fraction of the company’s talc is tested. J&J continued to search for sources of clean talc. Talc cases make up fewer than 10 percent of all personal injury lawsuits pending against J&J, based on the company’s Aug. 2 quarterly report, in which the company said it believed it had “strong grounds on appeal.”, J&J Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Alex Gorsky has pledged to fight on, telling analysts in July: “We remain confident that our products do not contain asbestos.”. In an Oct. 18, 1973, memo, Hildick-Smith advised J&J: “The risk/benefit ratio of conducting an epidemiological study in these mines must be considered.”, By early 1974, the study was a go. Traumdüfte sind authentisch, rein und unverfälscht. Neem has anti-inflammatory properties which protect a baby’s skin from rashes, inflammation. The share price is up about 6 percent so far this year. The FDA’s own examinations found no asbestos in J&J powder samples in the 1970s. 95 ($2.16/Ounce) $29.97 $29.97 Just two months after the Dartmouth professor reported his findings, Windsor Minerals Research and Development Manager Vernon Zeitz wrote that chrysotile, “fibrous anthophyllite” and other types of asbestos had been “found in association with the Hammondsville ore body” – the Vermont deposit that supplied Baby Powder talc for more than two decades. Get it as soon as Wed, Mar 24. That’s one of the six minerals that in their naturally occurring fibrous form are classified as asbestos. Updated hourly. Kretchmer said he recently read that a jury had concluded that Baby Powder was contaminated with asbestos. The author was Hildick-Smith, the J&J physician executive who had overseen the Italian study and played a key role in the company’s talc safety research. Coker’s daughter Crystal Deckard was 5 when her sister, Cady, was born in 1971. RJ Lee said it does not comment on the work it does for clients. Bicks, the J&J lawyer, said Coker dropped her case because “the discovery established that J&J talc had nothing to do with Plaintiff’s disease, and that asbestos exposure from a commercial or occupational setting was the likely cause.”. In 2002 and 2003, Vermont mine operators found chrysotile asbestos fibers on several occasions in talc produced for Baby Powder sold in Canada. J&J has not called him as a witness. Bicks rejected the Cyprus report as hearsay, saying there is no original documentation to confirm it. It has never limited asbestos in cosmetic talc or established a preferred method for detecting it. By 1973, Tom Shelley, director of J&J’s Central Research Laboratories in New Jersey, was looking into acquiring patents on a process that a British mineralogist and J&J consultant was developing to separate talc from tremolite. Even so, in a subsequent test of J&J powders in 1976, he didn’t find asbestos – a result that Mount Sinai announced. Children under 2 years: C hange wet and soiled diapers promptly, cleanse the diaper area, and allow to dry. A few months after Petterson’s recognition that talc purity was a pipe dream, the FDA proposed a rule that talc used in drugs contain no more than 0.1 percent asbestos. J&J didn’t tell the FDA about a 1974 test by a professor at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire that turned up asbestos in talc from J&J – “fiberform” actinolite, as he put it. In the morning, just shake out the baby powder or you can even leave it in for really bad odors. Coker had no choice but to drop her lawsuit, Hobson said. It had not done so as of Thursday evening. Talc’s safe use has been confirmed by multiple regulatory and scientific bodies.”. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, for example, “makes no distinction between fibers and (comparable) cleavage fragments,” agency officials wrote in a response to an RJ Lee report on an unrelated matter in 2006, the year before the firm hired Sanchez. "This is a great lightweight setting powder that leaves the skin glowy and natural looking. Langer said he told J&J lawyers who visited him last year that he stood by all of his findings. An early test, for example, was incapable of detecting chrysotile fibers, as an FDA official recognized in a J&J account of an Aug. 11, 1972, meeting with the agency: “I understand that some samples will be passed even though they contain such fibers, but we are willing to live with it.”.